The English settlers who were encouraged to move into Edward 1’s ‘new town’ had to be tough. The local Welsh were excluded and restricted. For many years racial tensions ran high. The fate of town and Castle were intrinsically linked – living here was no easy option.
Whilst the castle defences were formidable – high stone walls, a double moat and a drawbridge, the only fortifications the town relied on were a deep ditch between two earthen banks.So when Flint came under attack during the turbulent years that followed, the townsfolk were forced to flee their homes and seek refuge in the castle.
In 1282 the town survived an onslaught by supporters of Dafydd ap Gruffydd. 12 years later when faced with attack by Madog ap Llywelyn the Constable himself ordered the burning of the town to save the Castle. Over 70 buildings were destroyed.
In 1400 Flint was hit again during the revolt of Owain Glyndwr whose supporters returned to besiege the town in 1403.